W.L. Pohl:
Economic Geology, Principles and Practice: Metals, Minerals, Coal und Hydrocarbons — an Introduction to Formation and Sustainable Exploitation of Mineral Deposits

(published April 2011)

Chapter 7: Petroleum and Natural Gas Deposits

Synopsis

7.1 Species of Natural Bitumens, Gas and Kerogen, and their Properties

7.2 The Origin of Petroleum and Natural Gas

7.3 Formation of Petroleum and Natural Gas Deposits

Migration

Reservoir Rocks

Petroleum and Gas Traps

Formation and Reservoir Waters

Alteration of Petroleum in Reservoirs (Degradation)

Tectonic Environments and Age of Hydrocarbon Provinces

7.4 Exploring for Petroleum and Natural Gas Deposits

7.5 The Exploitation of Petroleum and Natural Gas Deposits

Reservoir Conditions

Oil or Gas Field Development

Oil and Gas Production

Petroleum Mining

Reserve and Resource Estimation

7.6 Tar, Asphalt, Pyrobitumen and Shungite

7.7 Oil Shales

7.8 Environmental Aspects of Oil and Gas Production

7.9 Summary and Further Reading

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